If you suffer from Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) you might have already heard of the low FODMAP diet.
What are FODMAPs?
FODMAPs stand for Fermentable Oligosaccharides Disaccharides Monosaccharides and Polyols. They are a group of short chain fatty acids that are poorly absorbed in the small intestine that can cause abdominal bloating in susceptible people.
For most people FODMAP containing foods are a normal part of the diet that don’t cause symptoms.
“Open studies have suggested that 3 out of 4 people with IBS will see a decrease in their symptoms when they followed a low FODMAP diet.”
Foods to avoid on a low FODMAP diet
• High lactose foods (e.g. milk, yoghurt).
• High oligosaccharide foods (e.g. chickpeas, lentils).
• High fructose foods (e.g. certain fruits and honey).
• High fructan foods (e.g. wheat, onion).
• High polyol and polyol-sweetened foods (e.g. certain fruits and confectionery).
The best way to see if FODMAPs are contributing to your symptoms is to eliminate all FODMAP containing foods and then slowly reintroduce them one group at a time and observe symptoms.
It is not recommended that you follow a low FODMAP diet long term as restricting a wide range of foods can increase the risk of nutrient deficiencies.
It is best to have the help of a healthcare professional when undertaking an elimination diet.
If you would like to discuss trying a low FODMAP diet, please contact myself for an appointment.
Have a great day.
1. Murray, M. & Pizzorno, J. (1998). Encyclopedia of natural medicine. Rocklin, CA: Prima Pub. (3rd ed.).